Oct, 2021 - By WMR
Oil Storage Includes Surface Tanks, Ground Tanks, Perforated Tanks, and Deep-Well Tanks
Production, refining, and distribution are the 3 terms used to describe the entire lifecycle of crude oil. All the major activities involved in acquiring, handling, and transporting petroleum products occur within these sectors. Oil storage refers to the number of tanks holding oil that can be accessed by means of pipelines. This is the most common type of oil storage. Refining and pipelines refer to the technology used to transform oil into usable forms such as gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. Oil storage tanks store liquid petroleum gases (LPG) in an insulated tank while refineries convert petroleum into synthetic fuels for use in automobiles, steam turbines, and other energy-efficient equipment.
The crude oil storage trade includes a number of types of tanks including surface tanks, ground tanks, perforated tanks, deep-well tanks, cement tanks, steel tanks, plastic oil storage, and flotation tanks. Plastic tanks are preferred over other types because they don't leak oil products and they are resistant to fire and termites. Plastic tanks are also highly flexible and can be easily assembled. However, flotation tanks are also popular due to their safety and long-term serviceability.
There are various reasons why oil storage facilities are necessary. Crude oil is too large to move in pipes and it poses several safety hazards. It could prove very catastrophic if a pipe bursts and oil leaks into the atmosphere. In addition, there's also no way to cap oil tanks because they are made out of solid materials like metal and concrete. And when a storm occurs, oil stored in storm drains can flood and cause flooding.
As mentioned earlier, there are many different types of oil storage available today. Some are large enough to hold millions of barrels. They are mostly used for commercial purposes like for chemical plants and the like. Large oil storage tanks are often found near power plants, chemical plants, and wastewater treatment plants. They are most commonly used for the storage of "scatter" capacity. Smaller storage options are also available to satisfy the storage needs of refineries. Refineries tend to use piped petroleum products and so they have very limited space. Piped products cannot be moved around very much because gravity tends to pull them down. Therefore, refineries need very efficient ways to place and keep their products where they are needed. Some of the best solutions to this problem have been provided by steel tanks. These tanks are strong and durable, and they have the capacity to store huge amounts of petroleum products.
There are also oil storage tanks designed to store oil for emergency use. In these cases, they are meant to last for quite some time, especially if they are used in earthquake prone areas. Oil stored in such tanks is very safe because it is kept under pressure and gravity. The only problem is that the oil can be leaked from time to time. If oil stored in these types of tanks is leaked, they can pose a huge risk to the environment.
Severe weather can also damage oil storage tanks, and in most cases, it is not safe to store oil in domes. Oil stored in domes is more likely to be damaged in catastrophic storms and earthquakes. It is for this reason that the Gulf of Mexico and coastal areas along the Gulf Coast have seen many oil containment domes installed. Oil containment tanks are important components of the oil industry. Without these tanks, storage sites would have to be abandoned and oil storage sites would be susceptible to natural disasters. In fact, a major hurricane or earthquake could destroy all underground oil storage tanks, and this would spell disaster for the oil industry. Thus, oil storage tanks are very essential in maintaining a stable and secure environment. However, it is important to install these tanks only at the proper sites.